Video Production Process
- Pre-production is the planning phase of the video production process. It is important to develop a clear and meaningful topic through research and writing.
- Pre-Production Writing
- Correlation between the Writing Process & The Video Production Process
- Writing a News Story
- What is News?
- Finding News Stories
- Writing News - Huw Edwards
- Writing scripts and news stories also means understanding that you need to get straight to the point!
- Research Your Topic
- Anna Gordon on Research
- If interviews are planned, students will need to research each subject thoroughly before developing their questions.
- Writing Concisely
Look at this information about a new study into children and their use of mobile phones. Pick out what you think are the most important points and then write a short script (of no more than five sentences) explaining what the story is about
Remember to cover the 5 W's:
- What's happening?
- Who is involved?
- Where is this happening?
- When is it happening?
- Why is it happening?
- Clear - use simple language
- Concise - keep sentences short
- Correct - check your facts, grammar and punctuation
- Scripting for interviews
- If conducting an interview, the questions must be carefully planned and developed.
- Scripting for Film and Video Productions
- A script is a text-based planning document that can be used as a stand-alone document or in conjunction with a storyboard as needed. If used as a stand-alone document, it should include descriptions of the specific shots and other visual elements, as well as the dialogue and other audio.
- Planning the Project
- Storyboarding is a great way to visualize how a story will be told. A basic storyboard resembles a comic strip with audio/dialogue descriptions and pictures representing the shots in each scene as they progress over time. The drawings don't have to be complicated—stick figures will do—just some sketches that indicate what students want their audience to see in their video as they tell their story.
- Timeline for the Project:
- A timeline is a basic outline of the flow of the project and can be helpful in keeping the project moving forward. It’s a simple and easy way to keep everyone on task and working together on schedule. The timeline will be based primarily on the needs of the project as outlined in the script or storyboard.
- This document lists all equipment and material needs of for a production and is especially important for on-location shoots. In creating a checklist, focus on items that you are most likely to forget to bring to the shoot such as extra batteries, duct tape, microphones, costumes, props, scripts, lighting equipment, and release forms.
- Schedule the Shoot:
- The last step before the cameras start rolling is scheduling the shoot. Sometimes the schedule can be broken down into a shot list. What footage is needed, and who is responsible for getting those shots?
- When scheduling, consider shooting out of sequence to save time; this means shooting all the footage needed at each respective location and then reassembling later in post-production, according to the script. Most movies are shot out of sequence.
- Working with Talent
- Release Forms
- General Production Forms
- Intellectual Property - The products of human intelligence and creation
- What is Copyright? - The legal protection of ownership of a person's intellectual property.
- If you have "COPYRIGHT" on your original work, other people CAN'T
- Make copies of your work with out telling you and paying for them.
- Use parts, or modifications, of your work with out telling you and paying for it.
- Perform your work publicly, with out telling you and paying for it.
- Display your work publicly, with out telling you and paying for them.
- Creative Commons (CC) license is one of several public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work.
- Public Domain - Documents or media available to the public as a whole, and therefore not subject to copyright.
- You can copy, modify, distribute, and use the images, even for commercial purposes, all without asking for permission or giving credits to the artist.
- Fair Use - (in US copyright law) the doctrine that brief excerpts of copyright material may, under certain circumstances, be quoted verbatim for purposes such as criticism, news reporting, teaching, and research, without the need for permission from or payment to the copyright holder.
- Youtube Copyright Resources
- Video Production Equipment:
- DSLR Movie Basics
- Production Graphics & Animation
- Bad audio can ruin an otherwise great video.
- Audio-Technica - Basic Audio Techneques:
- Sound Design
- Audio Editing
- . Every editing software has a different set of specifications, but the basics of editing are the same regardless of the software used or the purpose of the project:
- Adobe Audition CC 2018
- Careers in Video Production
- A producer oversees the entire production from start to finish. Responsibilities include the research and development of ideas into project proposals, supporting the creative teams, and managing the finances and production schedule. As head supervisor, the producer has the ultimate control of a production.
- The director oversees the vision of a production. He or she is the person responsible for harnessing the artistic and dramatic aspects of the script, set, talent, and technical crew to achieve the final look and feel of a production.
- The scriptwriter works with the producer and the pre-production team to produce a script or screenplay for a production.
- The videographer operates the camera either in a studio or on location to record the video and audio of a production. He or she will work closely with the director and the producer to achieve the overall vision of the production.
- The photographer uses still cameras and lenses to capture photographs for film or print needs. He or she is also responsible for enhancing images using photo editing software.
- Audio Technician
- Audio technicians are responsible for all of the sound elements in a production. The audio technician performs mic checks on the set of a production to maintain an accurate audio balance. In audio post, he or she will harmoniously incorporate natural sound, music, sound effects, and voiceover treatments into the finished product.
- Talent/host refers to anyone performing in front of the camera, including the actors, reporters, interviewers, or moderators of a video production.
- Lighting Technician
- Lighting technicians set up and artistically control artificial lighting for film production.
- Graphic Designer
- Graphic designers operate computer software to create visual images or text to be used either in a production or in print to inform or captivate an audience.
- Animators create multiple images, or frames, that when played in rapid sequence, create an illusion of movement.
- The editor works with the producer and director to assemble and polish the finished program, using video and audio captured during the production phase.
- Teamwork - Everyone working together
- The main thing to keep in mind is that every role is important to a successful video production. Communication skills and teamwork are crucial.
- Where do I go from here?: Local College Programs
Additional Video Production & Cinematography Resources